Moral luck (nagel) ryan doody november 19, 2014 moral responsibility and moral luck a story consider the following story the truck driver and the accident a truck driver, bill, is driving down his road on a rainy night several weeks ago, bill could have taken his truck in to the shop to have his breaks tuned up. Will versus determinism some commenters on moral luck have suggested alternative schemes of classification, but none are more illuminating than that of nagel see, for example, ollila 1993, pp 19- 21 these three kinds of moral luck will be explained in greater detailed in later sections 10 nagel 1993. The problem of moral luck arises from a clash between the apparently widely held intuition that cases of moral luck should not occur with the fact that it is arguably impossible to prevent such cases from arising the literature on moral luck began in earnest in the wake of papers by thomas nagel and bernard williams. If we happen to accidentally swerve on to the sidewalk and hit either hit or not hit someone, it is only due to luck that the pedestrian was in the right place at the wrong time — an example that nagel does cleverly use are we to blame the driver if there was no negligence involved and with nagel's moral luck. He phenomenon of accidental injury appears in both bernard williams' and thomas nagel's foundational articles on the problem of “moral luck”2 that appearance is hardly surprising: liability for accidental injury turns quite heavily on “elements which are essential to the outcome but [which] lie outside the control” of.
Mortal questions - by thomas nagel march 2012 summary kant believed that good or bad luck should influence neither our moral judgment of a person and his actions, nor his moral assessment of himself the good will is not good because of what it effects or accomplishes or because of its adequacy to achieve some. Cases involving what nagel (1979) called resultant moral luck seem to pull us in two contrary directions at the same time these cases dispose us to blame one agent more than another, but also have features that lead us to think that the agents cannot differ in how much blame they deserve this gives rise. Abstract in this paper i defend a solution to the moral luck problem based on what i call a fair opportunity account of control i focus on thomas nagel's claim that moral luck reveals a paradox, and argue that the apparent paradox emerges only because he assumes that attributions of responsibility require. In d statman (ed), moral luck state university of new york press pp 141--166 (1993) abstract, this article has no associated abstract (fix it) keywords, no keywords specified (fix it) categories, no categories specified (categorize this paper) options save to my reading list follow the author(s) edit this record.
Nagel on moral luck 124 chapter 5: solutions to the problem of moral luck: 133 1 kinds of solutions 133 2 richards' epistemic solution: resultant luck 134 3 richards' epistemic solution: constitutive and circumstantial luck 138 4 zimmerman's argument against moral skepticism 144 5 zimmerman and. Can two people who make the same bad decision bear different levels of moral responsibility today, we try to address this question with the concept of moral. Following williams, thomas nagel widened the scope of moral luck the position taken by both stands in stark contrast to the widely-held view, influenced by kant, that one is morally accountable only for what is under one's control, so that moral accountability is not a matter of luck this idea is so deeply entrenched in our. As nagel describes it, the problem of moral luck arises because we are pre- theoretically committed to a moral principle – what he calls the control principle – that establishes as a necessary condition on the appropriateness of our agent- directed moral judgments that “people cannot be morally assessed for what is not their.
How much are we morally responsible for things beyond our control how much is within our control anyway how are we to find reason and happiness in a world filled with chance at every twist and turn join us as we examine the pecularities in our moral judgements, and discuss their implications for. Articles written by bernard williams and thomas nagel 1 , and has generated a good deal of interest since scholars concerned with the criminal law have found it especially rich most lawyers have focused on nagel's account of moral luck, perhaps because it is more concerned with external judgments of an agent's. Moral luck by thomas nagel (1979) kant believed that good or bad luck should influence neither our moral judgment of a person and his actions, nor his moral assessment of himself the good will is not good because of what it effects or accomplishes or because of its adequacy to achieve some proposed end it is good.
John asks susan why she chose to study this topic, and susan explains that her interest in the subject began during her first semester of graduate school, a time when thomas nagel was responding to the term coined by bernard williams susan also talks about her upbringing and the moral luck example she was able to. Should a person be praised for his fine moral character which was a consequence of his good luck in being born into a certain kind of family, in particular historical circumstances these questions and other ideas are discussed in this book by leading philosophers including: bernard williams, thomas nagel, martha c. Of his driving recklessly, hits a child, this can hardly be denied to be a morally significant matter plausibly, however, whether a child crosses the road right in front of the driver is something beyond his control bernard williams, in his paper “moral luck” (williams 1976), and thomas nagel, in his reply to williams which was.
Martha nussbaum's claim that moral luck is internal as well as external is especially relevant to nagel's first two categories, and it has important implications for the novels because hardy is fascinated by the relationship between destiny and character as we see again and again in life as well as in hardy's fiction, misfortune. They differed in their aims: nagel thought that the phenomenon provided an important clue to the nature of the objective and subjective perspectives we can take on our own agency, whereas williams thought that moral luck was a kind of oxymoron which showed that the institution of morality fails to be all that it aims to.
Moral luck b a o williams and t nagel i--b a o williams there has been a strain of philosophical thought which has identified the end of life as happiness, happiness as reflective tranquillity, and tranquillity as the product of self-sufficiency -for what is not in the domain of the self is not in its control and so is subject. B resultant luck the first type of moral luck is resultant luck, which nagel characterizes as differences in moral judgments that depend on luck in how events turn out as an example of resultant luck, he presents two scenarios involving a truck driver who has failed to recently check his brakes unluckily for the truck driver. Why are they moral equals because the only difference between them is attributable to factors beyond their control if this is what you think, then you do not, in fact, believe in the existence of resultant moral luck in “moral luck,” thomas nagel describes the motivation for denying the existence of moral luck.