This section might be called discussion or it might be called summary of findings the purpose of this section is to highlight the major statistical findings from the results section and interpret them first, restate the overall purpose of the study then explain the main finding as related to the overall purpose of the study next. The present tense is most often used in the introduction, discussion and conclusion sections of papers this section may also include background information about the problem such as a summary of any research that has been done on the problem in the past and how the present experiment will help to clarify or expand. Your discussion should begin with a cogent, one-paragraph summary of the study's key findings, but then go beyond that to put the findings into context, says stephen hinshaw, phd, chair of the indeed, every discussion should include a humility section that addresses the study's limitations, write cone and foster. The introduction section the methods section subjects equipment interventions or study procedures data analysis the results section the discussion section the conclusions section acknowledgements summary writing, editing, and publishing the paper is the last step in the research process the paper. The number and the headings of sections may vary among journals, but for the most part a basic structure is maintained typically, scientific papers are comprised of the following parts: title abstract introduction methods results discussion acknowledgments literature cited because scientific papers are organized in. In particular, we've focused on figures and legends, methods, and results now that we've addressed the more technical portions of your journal manuscript, let's turn to the analytical segments of your research article in this article, we'll provide tips on how to write a strong discussion section that best. This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles previous parts explored how to write an introduction for a research paper , literature review outline and format, how to write a research methodology, and presenting research findings in the 'discussion and conclusion' section, you have to. When writing a dissertation or thesis, the results and discussion sections can be both the most interesting as well as the most challenging sections to write you may choose if you are unsure whether to include certain results, go back to your research questions and decide whether the results are relevant to them it doesn't.
5 days ago the discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: most effectively demonstrates the discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of significance give a brief explanation. State the purpose of the paper and research strategy adopted to answer the question, but do not mix introduction with results, discussion and conclusion always keep them separate to ensure that the manuscript flows logically from one section to the next hypothesis and objectives must be clearly. Article: how to write a strong discussion in scientific manuscripts a strong discussion section provides a great deal of analytical depth your goal should be to critically it is often easy to organize the key elements of a discussion section into distinct paragraphs (or groups of paragraphs) paragraph 1:. The paper will ask the question, then answer it the key to successful scientific writing is getting the structure of the paper right the basic structure of a typical research paper is the sequence of introduction, methods, results, and discussion (sometimes abbreviated as imrad) each section addresses a.
The purpose of a research paper outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before the writing process commences rdplf org water conservation need of hour essays how to write term papers research paper discussion section example jpg an example of a published bald eagle. Headings are the titles of each of the sections of the research report the study order arrange information in the same order as the sections in the paper: introduction, method, results, and discussion each section of the paper make an outline that shows the progression of research that has led to your hypotheses. In this way you relate your own results to the store of scientific knowledge in a short report, your discussion section will also include your conclusion(s) and you can therefore use other headings such as 'discussion and conclusion', or simply 'conclusion(s)' it is also acceptable to use the heading 'interpretation.
Writing the experimental report: methods, results, and discussion summary: written for undergraduate students and new graduate students in psychology note: depending on the requirements or the projected length of your paper, sometimes the results are combined with the discussion section. The first part of this post briefly described what to include in the introduction and materials and methods sections of a typical research paper written in the imrad format (introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion) in this part , i'll discuss the results and discussion sections writing the. This article gives doctoral dissertation students valuable guidance on how to go about writing their discussion chapter the article starts by outlining the main goals and writing approaches then the article explains 12 specific steps to take to write an effective discussion chapter. Even if your study did not support your hypothesis, it does not mean that the conclusions you reach are not useful provide data about what you found in your results sections, then save your interpretation for what such results might mean in the discussion section while your study might not have supported.
The background for your choice of theme a discussion of your research question or thesis statement a schematic outline of the remainder of your thesis method section in a scholarly research article, the section dealing with method is very important the same applies to an empirical thesis for students. The introduction and literature review sections will introduce the problem and provide general information the methods and results will provide specific, detailed information about this research project and the discussion/conclusion will discuss the findings in a larger context the following section will describe each of these.
The purpose of the discussion section is to explain what your results mean and what contribution your paper makes to the field of study the discussion section is your some journals include an actual summary or conclusion section at the end of published articles, where these summary points belong whether such a. The results of the content analysis of this study did not support this finding by not presenting consensus, distinctiveness and consistency information simultaneously, the present research design has successfully avoided the criticism of 'lacking real world characteristics' directed at other research testing kelley's covariation.
Writing the discussion the discussion section is a framing section, like the introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction so reread your introduction carefully before writing the discussion you will discuss how the hypothesis has been demonstrated by the new research and then show. Effective papers widen again in the discussion and conclusion, connecting the study back to the existing literature and explaining how the current study filled a knowledge gap caption providing a brief outline of your project will allow your introduction to segue smoothly into your 4 section table 1. Differs from and extends current knowledge of the area in which you have chosen to carry out research this section is your chance to demonstrate exactly what you know about this topic by interpreting your findings and outlining what they mean at the end of your discussion you should have discussed all of the results that.
How to write a discussion section of a research paper - writing a discussion section is where you really begin to add your interpretations to the work learn how to construct, style and format an academic paper and take your skills to the next level in this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining. An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a preview of what's to come such abstracts may discussion 1 highlight the most significant results, but don't just repeat what you've written in the results section how do these results relate to the original question do the data. If you plan to write for a specific journal, a good advice is to check the research paper outline of some of the articles to get a better idea on how to write your article the results section of your report should be neutral and you should avoid discussing your results or how they differed from or compared with what was. A biological research paper is a form of communication in which the investigator succinctly presents and interprets data before writing your report, construct an outline that logically presents the information to support your conclusions discussion, and literature cited sections section headings (abstract.